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Millennium Development Goals

The Millennium Development Goals base on a political process, which reaches back as far as the early 1990’s. Starting with the “World Conference on Education for All” in Jomtien- Thailand 1990, many conferences dealt with the global challenge of poverty and the implementation of civil, social, political and cultural rights.

In September 2000, the United Nations General assembly gathered for the 55th time. 189 head of states participated. This meeting is called the „Millennium Summit“. The agenda was to take position of points for a just world in the 21st century. As a result of this summit the Millennium declaration was announced. All member states committed to general but binding aims for poverty reduction and a sustainable development worldwide and within their own states.

In order to put the announcements into practice a working group was built in the aftermath of this Millennium Summit which consisted of members of the UN Secretary, the World Bank, the OECD and the International Monetary Fund. The working group set up 8 overarching goals (Millennium Development Goals) to be achieved by the year 2015. Each goal consistes of several targets, dividing the overall goal into more detailed steps. The eight MDGs consist of 21 targets in total.

We will spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the
abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty, to which more than
a billion of them are currently subjected. We are committed to making the right to development a reality for everyone and to freeing the entire human race from want..

United Nations Millennium Declaration
September 2000

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Task 1: Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than one U.S. dollar a day.

Task 2: Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.

Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education

Task 3: By 2015 ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.

Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

Task 4: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

Task 5: Reduce the mortality rate among children under five by two thirds before 2015.

Goal 5: Improve maternal health 

Task 6: Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio by 2015.

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

Task 7: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015.

Task 8: Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases by 2015.

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

Task 9: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programes; reverse loss of environmental resources.

Task 10: Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.

Task 11: Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020.

Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development

Task 12: Further development of an open trade and financial system which is rulebased, predictable and non-discriminatory, includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction — nationally and internationally.

Task 13: Address the least developed countries' special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous Official Development Assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction.

Task 14: Address the special needs of Landlocked and Small Island Developing States.

Task 15: Deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term.

Task 16: In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth.

Task 17: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.

Task 18: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies— especially information and communications technologies.

Every person on this planet consumes an amount of energy, corresponding to the equivalent of more than 1,6 tons of oil per year. While about 2 billion people do not have access to any source of electric energy at all. Goal 7

Goal 7
Ensure environmental sustainability

Illustrations to MDGs were created by students of Hollar Graphic School in Prague